Every year on August 9th the UN officially recognises and celebrates Indigenous Peoples around the world.
Festivities take place around the world, in indigenous communities but also in towns and capital cities too.
Indigenous Peoples and local communities
While the debate of what precisely constitutes ‘indigenous’ continues in certain spaces what has been made very clear is that local communities face similar issues and also provide related solutions to the global problems we face.
The UN body for Biodiversity, the IPBES uses the following definition:
“Indigenous peoples and local communities are, typically, ethnic groups who are descended from and identify with the original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently. “
So you will often find the two terms grouped together. And sometimes you’ll see IPLC used as an abbreviation.
Did you know?
Indigenous peoples and local communities make up 5% of the world’s population but protect 81% of the world’s biodiversity. [Source: World Bank]
Indigenous peoples and local communities offer a very real solution to the climate and ecological crisis but they face persecution and violence and their land rights are often not recognised.
They have 5 demands:
- Recognition to Land, Territories and Resources
- Zero Violence
- Direct Funding
- Ancestral Knowledge
Find out more about their demands here: https://ifnotusthenwho.me/demands/
2019 – International Year of Indigenous Languages
Each year tends to have a theme and 2019 has been dedicated to recognise the diversity in languages spoken by indigenous peoples and local communities.
Did you know?
They speak an overwhelming majority of the world’s estimated 7,000 languages [Source: UN]
Here indigenous youth from across Indonesia sing If Not Us Then Who? in their local language. Can you spot how the languages differ?