Dayaks et drones

Drone et GPS pour cartographier les terres communautaires

Indonésie

Durée: 6:58


Available in 5 Langues


Lancement: septembre 2014

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Même une forêt bien gérée est soumise à une pression permanente. Grâce à l’utilisation d’une technologie innovante – des drones géolocalisés -, à la mise en place d’une campagne de coopération, à l’appui des autorités locales et au développement de l’écotourisme le peuple Setulang peut désormais subsister. Preuve que le droit des communautés, la sauvegarde de l’environnement et le développement économique peuvent coexister.

La forêt du Setulang fournit le bois des bateaux, l’eau potable, la pêche, la chasse, le matériau des habitats, les fruits et la pharmacopée traditionnelle. C’est une «banque de vie» pour les générations futures. Mais cette zone très fortement boisée est menacée par l’exploitation forestière, les producteurs d’huile de palme et les sociétés minières. Le chef du village recherche en permanence des solutions novatrices pour protéger ses terres. Une équipe d’experts du West Kalimantan pourrait apporter une réponse à sa problématique. En utilisant des drones géolocalisés ils parviennent à cartographier précisément ces terres communautaires et les résultats obtenus sont véritablement impressionnants.

  • Faits intéressants

    • The Oma’lung tribe, part of the Dayak Kenyah, moved to Setulang in the 1960-70s from their previous village, which was very inaccessible. Setalung has a population of 900 people.
      Besides their settlement and agricultural areas, Dayak Kenyah also typically have a restricted customary area called Tana’ Ulen (restricted land). This was traditionally an area for the aristocratic family to hunt and fish and maintain a protected and abundant supply of natural resources, fresh water for the village, an environmental service. It is now governed by the council of village elders and leaders rather than one aristocratic family.
    • From 2000 until 2002, eight businessmen offered Setalung collaboration deals but the community rejected all of them. For its efforts to protect their forests from illegal logging, Setulang was awarded the Kalpataru Award in 2003 by the Indonesian Government, a prestigious national environmental award. They were also recognised in that year for the quality of their water, which is protected by the forests, in the Water Water Forum in Kyoto, also 2003.
    • Participatory mapping first started in Indonesia in 1992 as the international movement for community based natural resources management took off, and the Indonesian environmental movement turned to focus on reclaiming customary land rights. Conventional counter-mapping strategies combined community sketches with low resolution satellite images that were freely available. However the quality could not compete with government produced maps. Drone technology has vastly changed that. Drones are usually associated with their use as military weapons, but since 2006 the civilian use of autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles has been gaining pace

Consent

When decisions are made about their forests and ancestral lands communities have the right to free, prior, and informed consent. They should also be allowed to say no when governments and corporations threaten their livelihoods.

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